Volcanoes are natural phenomenon that resulted from an immense heat under the surface of the earth, including lava and rocks. Regions that are exposed always to volcanic eruptions are unpopulated. Some volcanoes are active usually; those are not sleep completely and are supposed to erupt again. Thus, we pick the top ten volcanoes all over the world in this article.
10 Krakatoa (Krakatau), Indonesia, 1883
Krakatoa volcano erupted in 1883 with the force equals 13,000 atomic bombs. Over 36,000 people are killed and whole villages were swept away. The tremor echoed around the globe, recording on barographs thousands of miles. This eruption demolished almost the whole island.
9 Mt. Pelee, Martinique, 1902
Mt. Pelée erupted on the Caribbean island of Martinique in 1902, killing 29,000 people and demolishing the whole city of St. Pierre. The people were watching the volcano fire steam into the air for few days, with jaws dropped down. Only two people survived the outburst, including a prisoner who was saved by his inadequately ventilated accommodations.
8 Vesuvius, Italy, 1979
Vesuvius blew in A.D. 79, caused Pompeii frozen and buried under a blanket of ash. The 25,000 people that vanished under ash and the volcano are kept for archaeologists to one-day study. It is an active volcano that erupted many times since the funeral of Pompeii. The area surrounding the city is highly populated.
7 Mt. Pinatubo, Philippines, 1991
The Mount Pinatubo erupted in 1991 in the Philippines, considered the second largest eruption in the 20th century. Pinatubo in conclusion exploded on June 15, sending miles of rocks, ash and toxic vapors. About 800 people are reported dead due to the eruption that left a crater lake of a mile wide at the summit.
6 Kilauea, United States, 1983
Kilauea may not be the most volatile and destructive volcano, yet it may be the most staying active, it has been erupting constantly for over 20 years now. The volcano is said to be residence of the Hawaiian volcano goddess. The eruption has demolished small towns and a highway. Kilauea exploded last time throwing a small piece of ash and gas out into the air.
5 Ruiz, Colombia
It is a volcano located in Colombia, about 129 kilometers west of Bogotá. It is a stratovolcano, consisting of many layers of lava. It has been active for two million years, ever since the early Pleistocene, with three main eruptive periods. The existing volcano shaped during the current eruptive period that began 150 thousand years before.
4 Laki, Iceland
The Laki Volcano lasted for 8 months. Fog resulted from the eruption was reported to cover the area from Iceland to Syria. In Iceland, the fog led to the loss of most of the island’s farm animals, crop malfunction, and the death of many residents. It is guessed that 80 Mt of sulfuric acid aerosol was sent by the eruption.
3 Unzen, Japan:
It is the house of lava, being an active volcanic group of more than a few overlapping stratovolcanoes, located near Shimabara, Japan. In 1792, one of these several lava domes activated a megatsunami that claimed lives of about 15,000 people in Japan. The volcano was most lately active from years 1990 to 1995, and a great eruption in 1991 produced a pyroclastic flow, killing 43 people, together with three volcanologists.
2 El Chichon, Mexico, 1982
El Chichon erupted in 1982, killing 2,000 residents in Chiapas, Mexico, and producing a threatening, sulfuric acidic lake that shaped when the dome malformed into a basin and packed with water. Most people believed that the volcano had long ago gone died out, so when El Chichon reminded the people of its lava, it was an unpleasant experience. Similar to the other large volcanic explosions, the ash dramatically affected the atmospheric, leading to low temperatures all over the world.
1 Tambora, Indonesia, 1815
Tambora is the largest volcanic eruption ever recorded. It threw too much ash into the atmosphere when exploded in 1815 that it successfully wiped out sunlight. 1816 was a year that lacks summer. About 10,000 people were murdered by lava flows and poisonous fumes.
These disasters caused many people to die and other to be homeless.