Immortalized in the great novel 1984 by George Orwell, he gave many details about the socialist mode of thinking and method of ruling. Socialism decrees that the resources and means of production are owned by the state. Citizens are all partners and take part in this public ownership. The doctrines of socialism were put by Karl Marx and became very prominent in the time of Stalin, the one who put these doctrines into action. From Russia, thus, came the first communist adherence. Later on, many countries publicly followed communism. However, at the present time it is not practiced powerfully in many countries except for a few. The following are the top 10 countries that call themselves socialist countries as it is dictated in their constitutions.
10 Sri Lanka
According to the constitution of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, human rights and equality are granted to the country’s people. Sri Lanka is governed by a “semi-presidential system” which means that the president is sharing the management of the state’s affairs with his prime minister and the cabinet. It is important to mention that Sri Lanka started to refer to socialism in its constitution in 1978.
In 1976, the Portuguese Republic started to mention in its constitution references to the socialist mode of thinking. It is mentioned in the Portuguese constitution just like this: The Constituent Assembly affirms the Portuguese people’s decision to […] ensure the primacy of a democratic state based on the rule of law and open up a path towards a socialist society.
8 North Korea
North Korea is known all over the world as a socialist state, while the Korean themselves would describe it as a dictator with a totalitarian regime just in the very opposite direction of what socialism entails. Every source of production in the Republic of Korea is in the hands of the state that uses its military power to force its people to obey.
In its constitution, India is legally stated as a socialist and democratic republic. The Republic of India is considered a federal state which means that the whole country is divided into a number of states that govern themselves. India combines the federal system along with its parliament and all follow the laws in their constitution.
The Co-operative Republic of Guyana is a state that is located on the Caribbean coast of South America. Guyana was anglicized when it became a British colony and it then gained its independence in the year 1966. After a while, it declared itself a republic that believes fully in the socialist principles which ensure the country’s people their human rights.
In 1971, Bangladesh declared in its constitution that the state follows the socialist thinking in order to keep itself just and free from exploitation with giving all the citizens their rights including freedom, equality and more.
Officially known as the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, it absolutely left no space to doubt the state’s political tendencies. Till the year 1976, Vietnam was divided into South and North. They are the socialist principles and thoughts to be responsible for uniting the North and South under one name and flag.
Lao People’s Democratic Republic is bordered by Burma, China, Vietnam, Cambodia and Thailand and its capital is Vientiane. The republic was very much affected by the socialist trend of the Vietnamese, the thing that helped in turning Laos into a socialist country as well.
The constitution of the Republic of Cuba in the year 1961 declared the country to be a socialist republic. However, this constitution in the year 1992 witnessed massive changes that put the republic on the communist track to be governed by the Communist Party of Cuba.
As the number one on our list, China declares its communist allegiance clearly. The CPC (Communist Party of China) plays a major role in defining the rules the Chinese follow. In China, being socialist does not entail freedom. The Republic of China censors religious and social institutions, the press and internet to say the least.