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Top 10 Most Famous Ancient-World Historians You Must Know

The world’s history is a record full of the significant incidents that has made a change, contributed in progress, brought about losses, etc. So, these events have to be recorded in a certain manner, by which the most important details are proved by a way or another. The most suitable people to take over this role are the historians; they are liable for accredited tracking of the incidents. Here are the most famous ancient-world historians:

10 Sallust:

He was a Roman historian, as well as a politician from a provincial plebeian family. He was born in Sabines and was opposing the old Roman aristocracy, and was supporting Julius Caesar. Sallust has surviving works hold his name, as Catiline’s War, revolving around the conspiracy in 63 BC of L. Sergius Catilina, The Jugurthine War that is concerned with Rome’s war against the Numidians from 111 to 105 BC.


9 Arrian:

Arrian was a Greek historian, military commander and philosopher lived in the 2nd-century of the Roman period. Arrian wrote in Attic. One of his most famous historical works is (Anabasis of Alexander), Arrian is a significant historian because his work on Alexander the most complete. Arrian was able to make use of sources which are currentlt mostly lost. The most significant matter of all is that Arrian had the story of Alexander’s life by Ptolemy.


8 Polybius:

He was a Greek historian of the Hellenistic Period, his work “The Histories” covered the period of 264–146 BC in detail. This historical work describes the mounting of the Roman Republic capturing the ‘world power’. Polybius is famous for his ideas related to the separation of powers that were later used in the drafting of the United States Constitution.


7 Liu Xiang:

Liu Xiang was born in Zizheng, China; he was a government official, and author lived during the Han Dynasty, He is well known for his bibliographic work in cataloging the wide-ranging imperial library. Liu was an abnormal collector (of stories and other works, which he collected in the Zhan Guo Ce. Furthermore, he was the author of the Chuci anthology’s “Nine Laments”.

Liu Xiang

6 Titus Flavius Josephus:

He was a first-century Romano-Jewish scholar and historian, was born in Jerusalem. Josephus initially opposed the Romans during the First Jewish–Roman War being head of Jewish forces in Galilee. Josephus maintained the Jewish Messianic predictions that began the First Roman-Jewish War.

Titus Flavius Josephus

5 Priscus:

He was a 5th-century Roman historian and rhetorician. He met Maximinus, the head of the Byzantine embassy on behalf of Emperor Theodosius the Younger on a diplomatic mission. He was the author of a historical work, written in Greek of 8 volumes, had the name of the History of Byzantium, which seem almost certainly not its original title. The historical work probably detailed the period from the attainment of Attila the Hun to the attainment of Emperor Zeno.


4 Philostorgius:

He was a Church historian of the 4th and 5th centuries. There is no too much information available about his life. Philostorgius was born in Borissus, and lived in Constantinople when 20. It is claimed to have descended from an Arian family. He recorded a history of the Arian controversy titled Church. The original work is now lost, yet a copy exists in Photius’ library in Constantinople.


3 Ptolemy I Soter:

Ptolemy was a Greek Macedonian general serving under Alexander the Great. His mother was Arsinoe of Macedon. Ptolemy was trusted by Alexander, and belonged to the seven bodyguards. Being older than Alexander, by a fee years, he had been his close friend since childhood. He played a primary role in the campaigns in Afghanistan and India. Moreover, he took part in the Battle of Issus and accompanied Alexander during his journey to the Siwa Oasis where.

Ptolemy I Soter

2 Herodian:

He was a minor Roman civil servant who wrote a rich history in Greek titled History of the Empire from the Death of Marcus, in eight levels detailing the period from 180 to 238. He was a Greek (perhaps from Antioch) who lived for long time in Rome, but perhaps without taking over any public office. He wrote the events illustrated in his history and took place during his life span.


1 Herodotus:

Herodotus was a Greek historian was born in Turkey and lived in the fifth century BC. He was named “The Father of History”, being the first historian famous for gathering his ideas systematically and then arranging them into a historiographic description. The Histories is his masterpiece, being a research of the origins of the Greco-Persian Wars. It includes geographical and ethnographical information. Despite the imaginary worlds his stories include, he claimed he was recording only what people told him.


Reporting history is not a piece of cake, it needs reliance. Historians have to be trustworthy enough to be responsible for this uphill work.


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