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Top 10 Most Famous Historical Sites in the World

Historical sites are not only a source of attraction for archaeologists or tourists they are celebrated by many around the world for different reasons. On top of these reasons is eagerness to know how Man’s life was at these times, moreover how these monuments could endure various circumstances and climatic changes. The proficiency and accuracy of the ancients are the key factors for these monuments survival and charm.

10 Christ the Redeemer

Christ the Redeemer is an Art Deco statue of Jesus Christ which is located in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It was built between 1922 and 1931 by the French sculptor Paul Landowski and the Brazilian engineer Heitor da Silva Costa. It is 30 meters tall and weighs 635 tons. It is an icon for Rio de Janeiro and Brazil.

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9 Angkor Wat

It was first a Hindu then a Buddhist temple complex in Cambodia. It is the largest religious monument in the world. It was built in the early 12th century by the Khmer King Suryavarman II. It appears on Cambodia’s national flag as a symbol of the city.

8 Colosseum

Colosseum also known as Flavian Amphitheatre, is an elliptical amphitheater that lies in the center of Rome, Italy. It was built in the 1st century of concrete and stone. It is considered one of the most famous places in Rome and one of the greatest works of Roman architecture.

7 Stonehenge

Stonehenge is a prehistoric monument located in Wiltshire, England. Archaeologists believe it was built around 2500 BC. The true reasons for Stonehenge’s construction and the purpose it served are not known for sure, but many scholars believe that it was used as a ceremonial or religious center.

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6 Machu Picchu

It is a 15-site Inca site located in southern Peru, in the top of a mountain (2,430 meters above sea level). In 2007, it was named one of the 7 wonders of the world. It is also known as the lost city of Inca.

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5 The Parthenon

The Parthenon temple is located in Greece; it was built in the 5th century BC. It was dedicated to the goddess Athena; it is considered an enduring symbol of Ancient Greece and the Athenian empire. Although large part of it was destroyed by was, the Parthenon still one of the most famous historical sites.

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4 The Great Wall of China

The Great Wall of China is made of stone, bricks, wood and other materials; it was built by the Chinese emperor during the beginning of the 7th century. It was built across the northern borders of China to protect the Chinese empire.

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3 Petra

Petra city is located in the southern Jordanian governorate Ma’an, which is famous for its amazing rock-cut architecture. It was built in the 6th century and explored in 1812 Swiss explorer Johann Ludwig Burckhardt. Petra is also known as the Rose City due to the stone color out of which it is curved.  Besides being a symbol of Jordan it is the most visited tourist attraction.

2 The Pyramid of Giza

The Great Pyramid of Giza also known as the Pyramid of Khufu, is located in Giza, Egypt. It was built 3000 years ago and took from 10-20 years to build. It is the oldest of the seven wonders of the ancient world, and the only that remain intact.

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1 Taj Mahal

Taj Mahal is a white marble mausoleum located in Agra, India. It was built by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his wife Mumtaz Mahal. Taj Mahal’s construction started around 1632 and was completed around 1653. It is built with pure white marble. It is considered the finest example of Mughal architecture and one of the Seven Wonders of the World.

 

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